Things You Didn’t Know About Sunscreen

Sun protection is crucial for your skin. You’re probably using sunscreen every day, but do you know how to use it?

  1. Higher SPF doesn’t mean better protection – it means longer protection. SPF of 15 filters up to 95% of the UVs while SPF50 up to 98%. But the higher the SPF number, the longer you can stay in the sun without burning. In theory, SPF of 15 means you can safely be in the sun up to 15 times longer than you could without using sunscreen. This is only a guideline and it is 100% valid only if you’re using the sunscreen correctly and reapplying as indicated.
  2. Less is NOT more. Apply generous amounts of sunscreen lotion– and make sure you reapply as needed. You can lose protection even when you sweat or rub your skin.
  3. UV-Bs are the ultraviolet rays that burn your skin – but not the only ones to cause damage! While UV-As only cause sun burns in large doses, they are still associated with aging and other detrimental changes to the skin because of their action on the collagen and elastin fibrils. UV-As are milder, but they are still not safe. So make sure you choose a sunscreen that guards skin from both UV-As and UV-Bs.
  4. The SPF number only measures the amount of UV-B protection you get. It doesn’t measure the amount of UV-A protection, which is given by another number. When purchasing a product, try to find out the UV-A protection factor. If this is not available, a broad-spectrum sunscreen which protects against both A and B rays will suffice.
  5. Clothes are not an efficient barrier against sun damage. Wear sunscreen on your entire body under your clothes when you spend lots of time outdoors. Clothes only have a SPF of 4 up to 7, not enough to protect during longer sun exposure.
  6. Tan is the skin’s defense reaction to the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays. It eventually acts as a filter for ultraviolet rays (partially) but this doesn’t recommend using your newly achieved tan as SPF. The beginning stage of tanning is essentially skin inflammation and the tan itself is just damaged skin which can be seriously affected when overexposed to sun.
  7. Layering sunscreen lotions will not multiply the SPF protection. If you apply a lotion with SPF 15 and then makeup with SPF 20, the total SPF you’re benefiting from is 20; the SPF you end up with is the highest one you have applied.
  8. Sunscreen will not prevent body from producing the necessary amount of Vitamin D. Your skin needs UV-B rays to make vitamin D. While these can be filtered out by sunscreen, you only need approximately 10 minutes of sun a day for producing vitamin D – which you are likely to get considering people almost never apply sunscreen correctly and just a little time outdoors is enough. Be careful though: your skin stops producing Vitamin D a few minutes after sun exposure. Sunbathing for hours will not increase your vitamin D levels.
Doctor Murad Article by Howard Murad, M.D., FAAD, a world renowned skincare expert and founder of the Inclusive Health movement. Read more about Dr. Murad.

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Bridal Beauty – top picks to prep your skin on the big day.

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We know you want to look flawless on your big day! Having great skin is just as important as wearing the perfect bridal gown, so start your pre-wedding skincare countdown now. Our Murad skincare experts put together this helpful six-month timeline to follow for glowing, gorgeous skin on your big day.

Pre-Wedding Skincare Countdown: A few tips for a beautiful skin

 6 months to go
  •  Take daily dietary supplements to give your body the building blocks it needs to help every cell in every system.
  • Now that you’re engaged, everyone will be paying extra attention to your hands! Rejuvenate them with a monthly manicure and moisturize daily (We recommend our Youth Builder Rejuvenating AHA Hand Cream) to keep them looking and feeling soft and lovely.
3 months to go
  •  Stick to your workouts to reduce skin-damaging stress and wedding-planning anxiety.
  • Commit to a monthly facial routine to keep your complexion healthy and rejuvenated.
1 month to go
  •  Keep your skin smooth and glowing by exfoliating 1-2 times a week (We recommend trying our Skin Smoothing Polish).
  • Get your last facial 2-3 weeks before your big day to allow redness from extractions to resolve.
Week of the wedding
  •  Get a stress-relieving massage.
  • Keep your diet heavy on fruits and veggies and light on salty, processed foods, which can make your eyes look puffy and your body feel bloated. We suggest you read a bit more about the science behind eating fruits and veggies with Dr. Murad’s “Eat Your Water” research.
The Big Day

Remember that it’s likely something won’t go as planned or turn out the way you imagined it, but don’t let that ruin your day. As Dr. Murad says, “When you learn to be imperfect, your life will be more perfect.”

 

Here are top picks to prep your skin on the big day.

eye-lift-firm Say “Eye Do”

While the early-morning beauty prep gets underway, start with this professional-strength eye treatment. Its exclusive surface-filling and firming technologies work beneath the eye pads to instantly lift, firm and visibly reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles.

hydrating-toner Happily Ever Hydrated

Spray a few spritzes of this refreshing toner to rehydrate skin and restore pH balance. The fresh peach scent also helps set the relaxing, pampering mood for the makeup and hair prep to come.

oil-control-mattifier Joined in Matte-rimony

Save yourself from a makeup meltdown during any outdoor photo shoots by applying this mattifying moisturizer with SPF 15. It helps control oil for up to 8 hours so you’ll stay picture-perfect all throughout your wedding day.

eye-cream 3-Tiered Treat

Between battling the never-ending to-do lists, last-minute crises and wedding jitters, getting a full night’s sleep might slip down the priority list. Keep under-eye creasing and puffiness at bay with this multi-active eye cream that firms, brightens and hydrates.

invisiblur Toast to a Flawless Future

Before you apply foundation, finish with this breakthrough product to treat, blur and protect. Its silky smooth formula blurs lines and imperfections, conceals pores, and primes skin, so you’ll look flawless in all your wedding photos.

We wish all the brides-to-be out there a joyful, stress-free, beautiful wedding day; one filled with moments you will cherish forever!

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Do Skin Types Matter

There’s no dearth of skin products on the market to match every skin type, but don’t let it drive you crazy. Go by how your skin feels in response to the products you choose. Most people are oily in some places and drier in others. A few tips to consider:

  • If you’ve got oily skin, don’t be afraid to cleanse, treat and moisturize twice a day, as would a person with dry skin. Even though your skin looks “moist” doesn’t mean you could be missing key lipids to maintain your skin’s barrier: Your oil glands within the follicles are simply genetically programmed to be more active. Try using a cleanser with hydroxy acids on alternative days, or more often if your skin seems to respond well to it.
  • Dry skin is the most fragile. Be careful about over cleansing and over exfoliating, as your skin is more susceptible to irritation. Use a cleanser and tone with hydrating ingredients and exfoliate gently (and not every day). Look for products that contain skin soothers such as chamomile extract and arnica.
  • Fair-skinned people and those who spend a lot of time outdoors need to be extra cautious about over exposure to UV radiation. While a sunscreen with SPF 15 if sufficient for many, I recommend upping that coverage to at least 30 if you’re more sensitive to the sun. Similarly, if you take drugs that increase your sensitivity to the sun, which is the case for birth control pills, for example, apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30.
  • Don’t overdo it. No matter what kind of skin you have, it’s easy to over clean and over exfoliate and in a word, irritate. You can also trigger excessive oil production with excessive use of soaps, cleansers, scrubs, and toners made with drying alcohols. Listen to what your skin is telling you and adjust your skin care routine accordingly

Give products up to six months to work and show results.

Doctor Murad Article by Howard Murad, M.D., FAAD, a world renowned skincare expert and founder of the Inclusive Health movement. Read more about Dr. Murad.

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Why You Should Be Using An Oil-Based Makeup Remover

Did you know:

Today’s makeup is super long-wearing—that means great day coverage but a real risk of clogged pores and acne at night. To meet the challenge of easily removing these long-wearing products without stripping your skin, we’ve developed Renewing Cleansing Oil. Renewing Cleansing Oil is a remarkable new, non-greasy cleanser that has the power to thoroughly remove your makeup without scrubbing. Renewing Cleansing Oil not only leaves your skin remarkably clean, it actually leaves your skin noticeably softer and smoother.

How it works:

Renewing Cleansing Oil forms a strong bond with the oils and minerals that give your makeup its staying power. That’s why when you rinse off with Renewing Cleansing Oil, makeup, BB cream, sun-block, excess oil and impurities rinse off too—leaving skin free of potentially pore clogging debris. And Renewing Cleansing Oil isn’t just an exceptional makeup remover. Renewing Cleansing Oil supports the health of your skin by preserving your natural pH balance and strengthening skin’s natural protective barrier.

How to use:

Massage Renewing Cleansing Oil’s botanical oil formula directly onto dry skin to dissolve makeup—even the most stubborn mascara. Rinse off dissolved makeup and grime with a splash of water to enjoy skin that’s soft, residue-free and healthfully clean.

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Doctor Murad Article by Howard Murad, M.D., FAAD, a world renowned skincare expert and founder of the Inclusive Health movement. Read more about Dr. Murad.

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Skin is a water gauge

The Water Principle is not about drinking four to eight or twelve glasses a day, it is about getting water into cells and keeping it there so that every one of the trillions of cells in your body functions at full capacity.

Next to oxygen, water is the most important substance you need, and almost everything we know about aging tells us that the decline in function over the years is a story of water loss. At birth, about 75 percent of our weight is water, but gradually as we age we lose the ability to hold on to water. On average, man is about 60 percent water and a 15 percent decrease in water may not seem like much, but as you’ll see, if we look at the cheek of a baby and a seventy-year-old, it makes a dramatic, visible difference.

The skin is the largest and only visible organ of the body, and it reflects the aging processes – including water loss – that occur throughout the body. The damaged, water-deprived fibers and cells, and the gel-like substance in which they are all embedded, tell me that a similar situation exists in the cells of the heart, the muscles, the liver, the walls of the blood vessels, and the joints. Each and every cell of the body is connected. Therefore, if water is lost from the epidermis, those cells will withdraw water from somewhere else. It comes from the fluid circulating around the cells, then from an adjacent cell or from the dermis beneath it, and eventually from other tissues or cells of other organs.

Water is essential to the life of every living cell. It is what keeps a cell from collapsing in on itself, so one of the purposes of the body’s natural chemistry is to insure that each cell from the brain to the heart to the organs of the abdomen are kept plump with fluid on the inside and lubricated with moisture on the outside. Water also gives volume to the blood and pliability to the tissues. You can see this in your skin.

Without an adequate water supply, the skin cells, disintegrate. Structures that support skin become stiff and lose flexibility. The skin layers become thin and flat. Blood vessel walls become fragile, porous, and leak water like old pipes. Nutrients can’t be delivered, and waste materials aren’t carried away. And the more water that’s lost, the more fragile and penetrable the barrier is. That weakening means even more water is lost, and a destructive, self-perpetuating cycle is set in motion.

You can put a stop to this water loss. You can rebuild a vital strong barrier than not only gives you a more youthful appearance but also functions at its full potential, defending itself against further water loss.

Read more about:
The Science of Cellular Water
Health Benefits of Watermelon
3 Rules for good health
Recipe for hydration
 

Doctor Murad Article by Howard Murad, M.D., FAAD, a world renowned skincare expert and founder of the Inclusive Health movement. Read more about Dr. Murad.

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The Power of Pomegranate

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Pomegranate contains a super antioxidant called ellagic acid, which is even more powerful that the antioxidants in green tea. Pomegranate appears to be effective against viruses, destroying them on contact. And it is especially effective in protecting cells from free radical damage.

Other compounds in pomegranate –the anthocyanidins –interact with ellagic acid to further boost its antioxidant potency. The powerful antioxidants in pomegranate work by boosting the levels of glutathione, a natural antioxidant in the body that helps protect the DNA in cells from free radical damage. Glutathione is also essential in helping the body recycle hormones such as estrogen, which also protect the skin cells.

Spring Cleansers Hydrators

Most Murad products contain antioxidants and are essential ingredients to receive the best results. Now you know why!

Doctor Murad Article by Howard Murad, M.D., FAAD, a world renowned skincare expert and founder of the Inclusive Health movement. Read more about Dr. Murad.

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Meet Elodie Rivet, Esthetician and Makeup Artist

We had the opportunity to interview Elodie, a licensed esthetician with over 7 years of experience in the beauty industry. Elodie’s passion for skin care and makeup has been proven through her experience working with top cosmetic and skin care brand. She is also a freelance makeup artist, where she applies her passion and expertise to beauty and fashion photo-shoots. We are excited to share with you her vision on and advice for beautiful, healthy skin!

What’s your favorite part about working in the beauty industry?

I really enjoy creating regimen for my customers. Listening to them and understanding their skin concerns to find answers and solutions is rewarding. I like explaining how each products will help them achieve the skin they want. That’s what really makes me happy. When a customer reaches out to me for more advice a few months later, this is when you realize that you have created a connection with this person, and that is priceless!

What’s your biggest beauty secret?

This is not a secret, but I love trying new skin care products!
I am very loyal to my night routine in terms of cleansing. I NEVER, ever skip using my Renewing Cleansing Cream on my Clarisonic brush. Nothing is can compare to that result. My skin always feels incredibly smooth and deeply clean. Any products that are going to be applied after will be absorbed deeper into the skin, for better results. Cleansing is for me the number one step that will make a big difference for a perfect healthy, glowing skin.

Who is your beauty icon and why do you admire her?

Jessica Alba is my beauty icon, stylish but never over the top. Her career as a business woman and as a mom is incredible. She is a real example for everyone.
In terms of beauty, she believes in having an easy but daily skin care routine, which is also essential to me. In terms of makeup, she always goes for a flawless but luminescent complexion with either bold lips for a pop of color or a nice sexy smoky eyes which is a classic but so modern at the same time.

What are your favorite Murad products and why?

Over the past months, my skin seemed to have changed a little. It is not as dry as it used to be. So to make sure that my makeup is staying on all day, I use the Oil-Control Mattifier SPF 15. Not only does it provide a matte finish, but it also hydrates my skin. For less of a matte look but deep hydration, I choose the Skin Perfection Lotion.

If you could only have one makeup item, for the rest of your life, what would it be?

Only one? This is difficult. If I had to choose one, I would go for a concealer because I have red cheeks. If this had to be my only makeup item, I would still be able to mix it with a lip balm for a nude lip look or apply a touch of it on the eye lid for a bright, eye-opening look.

What is your favorite treatment to give clients and why?

Facials are without a doubt my favorite kind of treatment. Before each treatment, I consult with my clients in order to understand their skin concerns and their expectations. I love seeing how they relax and forget about their stressful life for a moment. A facial treatment is very beneficial for the skins overall health and wellness and it allows me to connect with clients on a deeper level, which I am all about.

Photos by: Sebastien Panouille.

 

Recommended products from this story:
Invisiblur Perfecting Shield Broad Spectrum SPF 30 Oil-Control Mattifier SPF 15
Skin Perfecting Lotion Renewing Cleansing Cream

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Skin Typing – what is normal skin and dry skin

Everyone has a unique genetic profile. No two of us are exactly alike, with the exception of identical twins. The characteristics of your skin –its color and pore size, how much hair you have and where you have it, and how much sebum and sweat coats your skin –are dictated by your genes. Your skin characteristics may be similar to your father’s skin or your sisters but there are going to be important differences. After all, the medicines you take, where you live, the stress you experience are unique to you. Even identical twins are exposed to different environmental influences. And your own skin will not be the same tomorrow as it is today.

When people think of skin type, they typically mean how oily or dry the skin is. Oily is actually a white, fatty, sticky, substance secreted by the sebaceous glands. Except for the lips and eyelids, which have no hair follicles or sweat glands, sebaceous glands empty sebum into the upper part of the hair follicle. As the oil emerges from the follicle opening, or pore, it lightly coats the skin, mixing with the structural lipids within the stratum corneum, creating a kind of protective barrier that keeps water within the layers, helping the skin stay moist and soft.

When the sebaceous glands are overactive, the excess sebum can make skin look shiny or feel greasy. When sebaceous glands are underactive or harsh chemicals or overzealous scrubbing remove the natural lubricant, moisture is lost and the skin becomes dry.

Using sebum and structural lipids, or oil, as primary criteria, the skin types are broadly categorized as oily, dry, or normal/combination. It is normal for pores to be more abundant on the nose and chin, and so there is more oil secreted in these areas, the so called T-zone. There are fewer pores on the cheeks and around the eyes, so these normally tend to be drier.


The pores of your skin are medium-size. Although you may have more pores along your nose and chin, and these areas may be oilier than your cheeks and around your eyes, you are not troubled with blackheads and pimples. Your complexion is bright and it feels smooth to the touch. Your skin is usually free of blemishes and tolerates extremes in temperatures well. Your cheeks may redden in the cold, but they don’t become irritated and chapped. Makeup stays where you put it and doesn’t flake. Weather conditions may change your skin: it’s a bit oiler when it’s warm and drier when it’s cool.

Your pores are small and fine, even across your nose and chin. You may have flaky areas where there are fewer pores, and your skin is thin over your cheeks. It may be transparent and delicate that you can see small blood vessels beneath it, especially on your cheeks. Your skin looks smooth, but it feels rough when you run your fingers across it. There’s tightness to your skin’s texture within a half hour after you wash your face with a gentle cleanser, especially when you don’t use a moisturizer. That tightness may even feel uncomfortable by midday. Harsh weather –cold temperatures and wind –can make it feel even worse. You may even get red, scaly patches after being outdoors. You may notices very fine superficial lines etched on your cheeks. That’s because the normal creases in the skin are more obvious when there isn’t enough moisture to soften them. Moisturizing creams and lotions disappear quickly into your skin after you apply them.

 

In a sense, dry skin is like a dry sponge. It rough, hard, and has little cracks in it. When the sponge is soaked in water, it becomes plump, soft, and smooth, and those little cracks disappear. Dryness is caused by lack of either sufficient sebum or structure lipids or both. So if you have dry skin, it may be because your oil glands are not producing enough sebum, or aging has taken a toll on the production of structural lipids within and outside of your skin cells, or because you are cleansing your skin too aggressively or too often. Sometimes the wrong foundation or face powder can be drying. Whatever the reason, the lack of moisture disturbs the skins barrier function.

Doctor Murad Article by Howard Murad, M.D., FAAD, a world renowned skincare expert and founder of the Inclusive Health movement. Read more about Dr. Murad.

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Sensitive Skin

People of all skin colors can have sensitive skin, but it is more common in those with a fair complexion and light-colored eyes. Your skin tends to sting when you put certain things on it, and you’ve probably learned over the years what to avoid. Your skin may even react to cold temperatures or wind by becoming red and irritated. You may also notice tiny cracks in your skin, and that makeup becomes flaky. In fact, the barrier function of skin in people with sensitivities has been disturbed, which is why it’s so vulnerable to anything that’s put on it.

Although the irritation –redness, stinging itching, and burning –that you sometimes experience is not the same as a truly allergic reaction, you are more prone to true allergies, and you can break out in a rash all over if you are allergic to a fragrance or some other ingredient or drug.

With few exceptions, the formulations of my products are safe for the most people with sensitive skin. Therefore I have not designed a separate daily regimen for this skin type. Usually following the recommendations for dry skin will be fine for you. However, you may have an allergic response to some ingredient in any formulation, regardless of how much testing has been done to ensure that it is unlikely to cause a reaction. So you might do your own skin test on the inside of your upper arm before using a product for the first time. Also, you can develop an allergy to something you have used without any problems for yours, so don’t ignore any unusual symptoms such as redness, rashes, irritation, stinging, or dry patches that occur when you use a product.

According to some surveys, about 40% of women say they have sensitive skin. They say their skin becomes red, itches, feels tight, stings, and burns in response to changes in the climate, in the reaction to the sun, or when they use some products. No one knows how many people really have sensitive skin, but it is estimated that as many as 20% of people are allergic to certain things that make contact with their skin.

 

Doctor Murad Article by Howard Murad, M.D., FAAD, a world renowned skincare expert and founder of the Inclusive Health movement. Read more about Dr. Murad.

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Q and A with Dr. Murad about oily skin

Question

My skin is very oily. To avoid a slick look, I have to wash my face after lunch at the office and reapply makeup. I usually use a mild cleanser and those little disposable abrasive sponges. Someone told me that I’m only irritating my skin with all this scrubbing and actually increasing the activity of my oil glands. Is this true? I like the “clean” feeling that I get after using the sponges, but I’m wondering if I’m making my oily skin even worse.

Dr. Murad Answer

Hormones and other internal agents control oil production from the sebaceous glands, not massage, face washing, or anything else you do to care for your skin. Instead of washing your face so often, though try using rice paper to blot the oil. You press the paper to your skin, on top of your makeup, and it quickly absorbs the excess oil. You might do this two or three times a day. You won’t have to spend the time reapplying your makeup and you’ll avoid irritating your skin with so much washing.

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Doctor Murad Article by Howard Murad, M.D., FAAD, a world renowned skincare expert and founder of the Inclusive Health movement. Read more about Dr. Murad.

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